Disability Act - 1995
(Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights & Full Participation)
Disability Act provides support and rights to people with disabilities to enable them to have equal opportunities in participating as productive and contributing citizens. It includes measures for the prevention and early detection of disability, social security, research and manpower development.
Disability Act covers 7 conditions as Disability. They are
vision at all
capacity to execute a task with appropriate devices.
but loss of sensation in hands & feet, and paresis in
the eyes and eyelids
deformed, mobile to do normal economic activity
take up employment due to extreme physical deformity
of 60 decibels or more
of bone joints or muscles leading to limb movements
than mental retardation any other mental disorder
of arrested or incomplete development of a person
The Act proposes to identify posts which can be reserved for persons with disabilities. It will not be less than 3% of which 1% will be reserved for each of the categories of disability
- Blindness or low vision
- Hearing impairment
- Locomotor disability or Cerebral Palsy
In a nutshell, the Act proposes that Govt. and local authorities shall promote and sponsor research to prevent disability, rehabilitation of disabled, identify jobs for them, develop disabled-friendly structural features in their set up.
More details on www.socialjustice.nic.in
The National Trust for Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability was enacted by Parliament into law in December 1999.
Mahatma Gandhi has said
Be the change
You want to see
In the world.
Following issues are covered in this booklet :
The objectives of the National Trust are:
1. To enable and empower persons with disability (covered by the National Trust) to live as independently and as fully as possible within and as close to the community to which they belong;
2. To strengthen facilities to provide support to persons with disability to live within their own families;
3. To extend support to registered organizations to provide need based services during the period of crisis in the family of persons with disability;
4. To deal with problems of persons with disability who do not have family support;
5. To promote measures for the care and protection of persons with disability in the event of death of their parent or guardian;
6. To evolve procedure for the appointment of guardians and trustees for persons with disability requiring such protection;
7. To facilitate the realization of equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation of persons with disability; and
8. To do any other act which is incidental to the aforesaid objects.
The National Trust helps:
- To hope more than others consider it wise;
- To trust more than others consider it safe;
- To care more than others consider it necessary;
- To build more than others consider it practical;
- To dream more than others consider it realistic; and
- To be more than others consider it possible.
The National Trust is a new initiative. It is also a very challenging one. For the first time ever, the interests of the four categories of disability covered by the Trust are being served through a legislation specifically designed for them. Those concerned or interested should join this National Movement and become stakeholders in the realization of the dreams.
For more information please contact:
Tel: 91+11+3217411 / 13 or
Fax : 91+11+3217414
Income Tax Rebate
There is a Rebate in Income Tax available for those who have family members suffering from any type of disability, and that includes dementia.
Care givers can consult their auditors giving following reference
P No 142/36/96 TPL dated 11th March 1997 Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Central Board Of Direct Taxes. S.O.No 184 (E) Rule 2 sub section (l) under section 80 DDB of Income Tax 1961 read with the rule 11 DD of Income Tax Rules , 1952
Professional Tax Exemption:
As per rule 32 of the Professional Tax Rules 1975, parents of children with permanent disability and mental retardation are exempt from paying professional Tax (Reference: trade Circular No PFT-1095/Adm-7/87/B-1109, Cir No 34- T of 1996, Mumbai dated 6.11.96